1. Wood Decking Material
Despite its old age, wood is one of the best decking options because of its natural qualities, strength, ease of installation, and feel. Nevertheless, it also requires cleaning annually, and it is subject to rot, splintering, and warping. The wood will turn gray naturally with time, but you should re-stain it every two to three years to keep it looking its best.
2. Pressure Treated Wood
Almost 75 percent of all new decks use this option today, making it the most popular. Due to the wood's chemical treatment, it has the ability to resist rot, mold, and insects. And because the price tag is low ($1.50 to $2.50 per square foot), people tend to gravitate towards it. There's a lot of it available, and it's fairly straightforward to install.
The cons of using this type of decking material are that it tends to crack and warp over time, and requires regular maintenance to avoid those problems. The wood used to be treated with chromatid copper arsenate, a carcinogen suspected to be present in some pressure treated wood products. Although it was once a toxic substance, it has undergone a chemical treatment that has made it relatively safe for use inside the home today.
3. Tropical Hardwoods
There are tons of tropical hardwoods like ipe and cumaru, among others. Tropic hardwoods are resilient to issues like termites and rot, as well as grainy, hard, and durable.
Their cons are that they are fairly dense, so you'll have trouble drilling holes in them, similar to redwood and cedar. Stains and finishes also don't really work well on tropical hardwood, so if
you decide to add one, make sure it's specially formulated for tropical hardwood. As with cedar and redwood, tropical hardwoods become silvery when untainted, so you'll want to apply a UV- blocking wood stain every three to four years if you don't want to stain. Tropical hardwood must be sustainably harvested: Look for species that are sourced from sustainable logging.
4. Redwood and Cedar
The most expensive woods are cedar and redwood-and they're up to three times as expensive as pressure-treated wood. Although these woods are naturally resistant to rot and insects, they can be damaged by foot traffic and should last about 20 years. Redwood and cedar are both lightweight and stiff woods. The hardest and most wear-resistant cedar is Port Orford Cedar, the lighter-colored variety.