Interior design, drawing, and construction of spaces by human hands are part of environmental design and are closely related to architecture.
Although the design to create a pleasant environment dates back to the days of early human civilization. The field of interior design is relatively new.
From the middle of the twentieth century, the word interior decoration was used in a way that almost lost its meaning, so more descriptive words have been used.
The term interior designer not only covers a larger area but also presents itself as a serious profession.
In some European countries, where the profession originated, the profession is referred to as the interior architect.
Those who are concerned about a large number of elements used that are man-made, call this field environmental design.
What are the rules of interior design?
Interior design is one of the branches of architecture, it should be borne in mind that any specialized branch in any field will be meaningful only within the same complex.
The best buildings and interiors are spaces where there is no inconsistency between the elements that make up the whole.
Among the elements are the structural aspects of a building, site planning, landscaping, furniture, and architectural graphics (signs), as well as interior details created in many examples of prominent interior buildings and integrated (Coordinate) acts.
Due to technological complexity, planning, and construction in the contemporary era; It's not possible. An architect or designer specializing in all aspects of modern construction.
Therefore, professionals must work together as a group and with sufficient knowledge to achieve a common goal, while the architect focuses on the overall design of the building, the interior designer focuses on the precise aspects of the design scale, specific aesthetics, and practical and psychological questions and the personality and character of the space involved.
Although interior design is still a developing profession without a precise definition of its limitations, this trend can be classified into residential and non-residential.
What is the scope of work of residential and non-residential companies' interior design?
Although the volume of commercial activities in the residential field is increasing, it seems that there is less need for professional designers in this field and most of them tend to do non-residential designs.
The field of interior design includes several specialized areas.
One of them is space analysis, which requires the analysis of space, and the function of this space.
In addition to these basic considerations, this type of design company also specializes in office design.
Many design companies are highly skilled in designing hotels, shops, and malls.
The rest of the companies are mainly involved in the design of large training centers or specialize in the design of hospitals and clinics.
The scope of work of companies designing non-residential projects is from small groups to buildings with 50 to 100 employees.
Many large companies have graphic, industrial, and architectural engineers, but in contrast, interior designers working in residential areas may work alone or with up to two to three people.
The size of the companies involved in non-residential designs reflects the complexity of their commission.
In addition to being less complex, residential design is a different kind of activity.
The design of residential areas is usually very much involved with the views of the designer and the owner in all aspects.
It is unlikely that a client would want the design services of an interior designer working for their home to be organized regularly.
Art and design
Many large building architecture companies have their interior design and in small companies, this task is assigned to at least one person.
There are no boundaries for the interior design profession and all designs in general.
For example, furniture design can be done by industrial designers, architects, and interior designers.
As a principle, furniture designed for mass production is made by industrial designers or furniture designers themselves.
An interior designer or architect usually designs special pieces that are not easily found on the market or are for a specific job.
These needs may be practical or used only for beautification, and usually, a special table or chair designed for a particular job attracts the attention of the manufacturer and expresses its desire for mass production.
The same situation can be seen in other parts of the design such as lighting, appliances, flooring, and so on.
All design activities are essentially similar, although training in different parts of the design may be different so that a master and trained designer can change his / her specialty with the least difficulty.
In discussing the general aspects of design, it is important to note that there is an important distinction between art and design.
A designer is involved and confused about the problems that arise during the work (such as efficiency, beautification, or psychology), but an artist is more concerned with expressing his emotional idea and offering a solution to the problem he has created.
A beautiful interior design can be considered a work of art, but some people tend to call it just a great design.
What is the evolution of interior design?
Over time, interior designers not only began to design with furniture, colors, and fabrics but also in certain styles.
An interior design style reflects colors, shapes, furniture, artwork, and other elements that work together to create a comprehensive look and feel.
An interior design style may be structurally based, such as a modern style.
Styles may be country-based, such as Mexican style.
Styles may also be based on decades, like the style of the 1950s.
Interior design standards were developed by these schools and associations.
To support these standards, state, local, and government agencies have also established rules and regulations that address all aspects of interior design.
Today's designers not only have to learn from cavers about the importance of shape, but they also need to learn about different design styles throughout history, design standards, and rules for enforcing those standards.
In addition, designers need to pay close attention to today's trends so that they can stay informed about the industry and be inspired by what is around them.
Interior design continues to evolve.
With the birth of augmented reality and 3D virtual landscapes, new styles and interior design standards are emerging rapidly.
So today, while interior designers need to constantly review what has been done in this area, they need to keep up with the changes and technologies so that they can prepare for the future of interior design.
Interior designers work with experts in many other fields.
Interior designers should be aware of a wide range of different disciplines, including architecture, decoration, and so on.
In fact, in a single project, the interior designer is responsible not only for working or his team but also for working with the following people:
- General contractors
- Electrical specialists
- Pottery or stonework
- Flooring specialists
- Specialists in doors and windows
- Furniture makers
- Artists and sculptors
- Landscape Architects
- Climate control specialists
- LEED and Sustainability Specialists
- City planners and government officials
For this reason, successful interior designers need to take the time to understand what each of these different disciplines does and how they work together.
It should also be noted that interior designers are often confused with interior decorators.
This is a natural and expected mistake because interior designers should also be able to advise employers on the possibility and necessity of the type of decoration of their space, especially when the design requires a certain type of decoration.
However, there are certain differences between interior designers and interior decorators.
How do interior decorators and interior designers compare?
One of the most obvious differences between interior designers and interior decorators is the range of knowledge that each is expected to become a project.
Interior designers need to have in-depth knowledge of a wide range of disciplines in order to create an atmosphere that is not only attractive but also works according to the rules and regulations.
Many governments require interior designers who have interior design certification and/or licenses for their work.
Interior designers often have a perfect role in the decoration of the space due to their supervisory and planning roles.
In a sense, interior designers are often like project managers, hand in hand with everything.
Interior designers are often called upon to consult with employers for comprehensive access to space before starting a project, especially new construction projects.
However, interior decorators have a very specialized role.
Decorators are obliged to work in a developed space to create a special feeling in that space.
Unlike interior designers, decorators do not manipulate the foundations of the space.
Instead, they should be able to see the possibilities in the current space.
Interior decorators may also have a deeper knowledge of design principles, styles, and trends than interior designers.
In most cases, the interior designer and the interior decorator work together.
One person may even do both.
However, interior decorators may not work with professionals in other occupations, while interior designers do.